Source : Wikipedia
Nineteen Eighty-Four (sometimes written 1984) is a dystopian fiction written by George Orwell about a society ruled by an oligarchical dictatorship. The Oceanian province of Airstrip One is a world of perpetual war, pervasive government surveillance, and incessant public mind control. Oceania is governed by a political system euphemistically called English Socialism (Ingsoc) that guarantees privileges to a small elite of party members. But they, too, are totally subordinated to the fascist state and its godlike leader Big Brother, by way of a philosophy that decries individuality and even reason as thoughtcrime and subjects the lives of the people of Oceania to a supposed collective greater good. The main protagonist Winston Smith is himself a party member who works for the Ministry of Truth, which is in charge of propaganda and historical revisionism. Winston’s job is to change passages in past newspaper articles in such a way as to make them congruent with current party doctrine. Due to a childhood trauma which involved the assasination of both his parents by the thought police, Winston hates the Party and dreams of rebellion against Big Brother.